Glosario

A

ANTI-RACK DEVICE
Hardware normally attached to doors to provide additional stregth and stiffness to the door and end frame assembly. Such a device allows containers to withstand greater transverse twisting (racking) forces.

B

BASE
(1) Home depot of container or trailer.

(2) The floor of a container.
BAY
1) An area in a transit shed or warehouse between posts or columns or the lateral ceiling beams or trusses projected downward to wharf oor warehouse floor; the beams, trusses, columns, or posts are numbered or lettered and used to designate the localitation of goods on wharf in warehouse.

(2) A full athwartship section of a containership designed for the carriage of containers.
BAY PLAN
The container stowage plan for a particular bay of a vessel.
BEAM
The greatest width of a vessel.
BEND
A deflection in a structural componenr which causes the component to change direction abruptly from that of its original design.
BERTH
The water area, at the waterfront edge of a wharf, reserved for a vessel. The termis sometimes used to refer to the dock or warf structure.
BILL OF LADING (ocean)
Document signed by the captain, agentes, or owners of a vessel, furnishing written evidence for the conveyance and delivery of merchandise sent by sea to the certain destination. It is both receipt for merchandise and a contract to delivery it as freight.
BL, B/L
Bill of lading
BLADE
Hinge component permanently attached by welding or bolting to the door.
BOOKING (Cargo)
Arrangements made by a shipper or forwader with the carrier to reserve space on a vessel for the carriage of cargo.
BOTTOM (Side) RAIL
A structural component running longitudinally along the bottom sides of a container between the end frames.
BOTTOM FRAME (Understructure)
The lower structural support for the floor, panels and posts.
BOW
A gradual (not abrupt) deformation of the entire length of the component in a direction perpendicular to that length.
BRIDGE
(1) An span of line or chain so fastened at the ends that another line cahin maybe fastened at its middle.
(2) As assembly of wire, rope, or chain used as a sling. See also spreader.
BRIDGE FITTINGS/PIECES (BP)
Locking and tensioning devices placed between containers on the top tier to secure them rigdly together, or used to secure double or triple stacked containers.
BRIDGE PLATE
A plate, usually of steel, used to span the space between a freight car or truck bed and the loading platform.
BROKEN
Fractured or shattered into two or more separate pieces.
BUCKET
(1) A container for temporarily holding quantities of materials in bulk while being conveyed from one point to another.
(2) Part of equipment for moving earth or other material for excavation or filling.
BULK CARGO
Cargo stoweed without benefefit of package or container, i.e., shipped loose as in grains or liquids.
BULK CONTAINER
Containers of various types designed for carriage of liquid or dry commodities in bulk.
BUSHING
A tubular enclosure sorrounding a rotating shaft which reduces friction against rotation, and may reduce electrolytic corrosion.

C

CAULKING (Sealant)
Material used to seal all joints and riveted seams to ensure watertightness. Caulking is used between wood flooring and board edges, sides and end frame assembly.
CELLS
The vertical guidance and restraining system employed in container vessels, permiting containers to be stowed in a vertical line within the vessel, with each container supoorting the one above it.
CELLULAR VESSEL
Ship specially designed and arranged for the carriage of containers. Holds or cells are arranged so that the containers are lowered and stowed in a vertical line and restrained at all four corners by vertical posts. Normally stowed in a vertical line and restrained at all four corners by vertical posts. Normally stowed six – to seven – high below decks and three-to- four-high above decks.
CENTER OF GRAVITY
The point at which a load will balance or is in equilibrium.
CENTER SPACER
A steel section, found in many containers with plywood panel flooring, running along the center of the container from the rear still to the front still (or to the tunnel bolster) and separating the plywood panels along the longitudinal center line. This component often has a “ hat-shaped” section, but a flat bar may also be used in some cases for the same center spacer function.
CHASSIS
A vehicle built speciallly for the purpose of transporting a container, so that when the cassis and container are assembled, the unit produced serves the same function as a road trailer.
CLIP – ON UNIT
A piece of refrigeration equipment which can be attached to an insulated (refrigerated) container or hung on the underside of a chassis to supply power to a container which does not have its own self – sustaining refrigeration unit.
COLLAPSIBLE CONTAINER
A freight container, the major components of which can be disassembled and later reassembled for use.
COMPRESSION PIN
Hardware used between top corner casting fittings when joinnig two 20 – foot containers to create a 40 – foot unit.
CONES
Devices for stacking containers on deck or one upon the other in order to restrain any lateral movement of the container. The cones fit into a deck socket or the top corner casting at each corner of the container. The container that is placed on top has each bottom corner casting resting on the upper part of the cone. Cones come in a variety of types.
CONSOLIDATED DATA PLATE
A single rectangular marking plate affixed to the door which contains certification information applicable to more than one convention, regulation or other certification.
CONTAINER
A single, rigid, nondisponsable dry cargo, ventilate, insulate, reefer, faltrack, vehicle reck, or open – top container; with or without wheels or bogies attached; not less than 20 feet in length; having a closure or permanently – hinged door that allows ready access to the cargo. All types of containers will have construction and fittings, able to withstand, without permanent distorsion, all stresses taht may be applied in normal use during continuous transportation. An ISO container is constructed to the specifications of the International Standards Association.
CONTAINER ADAPTORS
Removable structures, capable of holding twelve 40 – foot containers that can be mounted to barge supporters on top deck of SEA BEE mother vessel.
CONTAINER BEAMS
Steel beam structure attachable to SEA BEE barge above hatch covers enabling barge to carry sixteen 40 foot containers in addition to cargo in barge hold.
CONTAINER BOOKING
Arrangements made with a steamship line to transport containerized cargo.
CONTAINER EQUIVALENTS (FEU/TEU)
The conversion of a various sizes (lengths) of containers in service into container equivalents (40 – foot equivalents, 20 – foot equivalents) to provide a common basis for comparison (20- foot equivalents are the internationally recognized standard comparison).
CONTAINER EQUIVALENTS (FEU/TEU)
The conversion of a various sizes (lengths) of containers in service into container equivalents (40 – foot equivalents, 20 – foot equivalents) to provide a common basis for comparison (20- foot equivalents are the internationally recognized standard comparison).
CONTAINER FREIGHT STATION (CFS)
The physical facility where goods are received by carrier for loading into containers or unloading from containers and where carrier may assemble, hold, or store its containers or trailers.
CONTAINER GANTRY CRANE
Commonly refers to rail – mounted gantry cranes located on the wharf for the purpose of loading and unloading containers.
CONTAINER LOAD (CL)
A shipment sufficient in size to “fill” a container, either by cubic measuremente or weight, depending upon governing tariff. See also full container load; less-than-container load.
CONTAINER LOAD PLAN (CLP)
A grafic picture of an individual container showing where and how the cargo is stowed inside.
CONTAINER POOL
An agreement between transport carriage and container leasing companies which will permit the exchange of containers.
CONTAINER SERVICE CHARGE (CSC)
The carrier’s accessorial charge wich combines all handling and wharfage costs.
CONTAINER YARD CONTAINER YARD (CY/CY)
A container service term where the ocean carrier receives the container at the container yard and, following ocean movement, the container is received by consignee at the discharge port’s container yard, See also port to port, terms of carriage.
CONTAINER – ON- FLATCAR (COFC)
Carriage of intermodal containers (detached from their highway chassis and bogie) on rail flatcars.
CONTAINER –OPEN-TOP
A container with bottom, side and end walls permanently fixed and which has a renovable tarpaulin cover and roof bows in place of a roof.
CONTAINERIZED CARGO
Cargo which can physically, conveniently, and economically fit into a container.
CONTAMINATION (Hazardous)
Any residue, wet or dry, of a known harmful nature or of an unknown nature that may be harmful to human life or health. If the nature of contamination is unknown, the redelivering agent must be contacted immediately of advice. The International Maritime Dangerous Goods code (IMDG code) requires hazardous debris to be removed. See also CONTAMINATION (NON- HAZARDOUS) and HAZARDOUS CARGO LABELS.
CONTAMINATION (Non-Hazardous)
Any residue, wet or dry, that is known not to be hazardous. This includes cargo packing ans dunnage, as well as any material substance which has permeated or is clinding to (or can permeate or cling to) the container. However, stains that have permeated into the container but that do not harma cargo are not considered “ contamination”. See also CONTAMINATION (HARZARDOUS).
CORNER FITTING (Corner Casting)
A steel component located at each of the container’s eight corners (top and bottom) and welded to corner post and rail. The corner fitting (or corner casting) has apertures allowing the container to be handled, stacked and secured.
CORNER POST/DOOR POST
A structural component running vertically from top to bottom at each corner of the container’s end frames.
COTTON SQUEEZER
1) Specialized attachment which enables a forlkift to pick up four bales of cotton at a time.
(2) Also called a bale clamp, use for handling wool or other baled comodities.
COUPLER
Device use for coupling the bottom corner casting fitting when joining two 20-foot containers, making them into a single 40-foot unit.
CRACKED
Having a break which penetrates the entire thickness of material and causes it to split slightly. In addition, if a weld betweed two panels or two different metal components has any break in it, even if the entire thickness of the weld material is not penetrated, that weld is considered “cracked”.
CRANE
A machine for hoisting weights or cargo, moving them horizontally for limited distances, and lowering them to new locations.
CRANE, CARGO
A crane specially adpted to the transferring of cargo beteen a vessel’s hold and a wharf or lighter.
CRANE, FITTING –OUT
A crane loated and specially arranged for shipyard use to place equipment in a ship after it is in the water.
CRANE, FIXED
A crane whose principal structure is mounted or permanent or semi-permanent foundations.
CRANE, FLOATING
A crane mounted on a barge or pontoon which can be towed or self-propelled from place to place.
CRANE, GANTRY
A crane or hoisting machine mounted on a frame or structure spanning an intervening space and designed to hadle containers into and out of a ship. It can be mounted on the ship as a semi-permanent part of the vessel.
CRANE, LUFFING
A crane in which the load may be moved radially, or to or from the center of the crane, horizontally.
CRANE, PORTAL
A type of grantry crane with vertical legs of sufficient height and width to permit passage of vehicles, railroad equipment, or oversize cargo beneargh the lifting mechanism.
CRANE, SEMI-PORTAL
A type of grantry crane with one support on the pier or wharf and the other on shed roof.
CRANE, WHARF
Any crane located on wharf or pier accesible to the hold of a vessel alongside.
CROSSMEMBER
A traverse component, other than a sill, tunnel bolster or forklift, attached to the bottom side rails and supporting the floor.
CSC (International Convention for Safe Containers, 1972)
An international treaty which entered into force on September 6, 1.977, requiring safety approval plate (“ CSC plate”), inspection at intervals thereafter, and maintenance in safe condition. The CSC is administered by individual governments with the advice of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), branch of the United Nations.
CUBE OUT
When the volumetric capacity of the container has been reached in advance of the permitted weight limit.
CUBIC CAPACITY (“Cube”)
Useable internal load-carrying sapce within a container, expressed in cubic feet, cubic meters (m3), gallons or liters. Also called “ available cube” or simply “cube”.
CUSTOMS CATCH
A device permanently attached to a container that prevents the left-hand door from being opened unless the right – hand door has been opened.
CUSTOMS PLATE
A marking plate permanently affixed to the container which indicates compliance with Customs Convection on Containers
CUSTOMS SEAL
A temporary device fitted to the container that prevents the container from being opened without detection.
CUT
Separated throughout to entire thickness of material along a sharp edge.
CY
Container yard.
CY/CFS
Door to pier, terms of carriage.
CY/CY
Door to door, terms of carriage.

D

DANGEROUS GOODS
The term used by IMCO for hazardous materials.
DATA PLATE
Plate afixed to a container giving details of gross and care weights and external dimensions.
DEADHEADING
Moving containers in one direction without revenue cargo in container. Standard term throughout U.S transportation industry.
DECAL
A self-adhesive non-metallic making permanently attached to the container.
DENT
A localized depression in a panel or structural member made by pressure or an impact or blow that causes an abrupt change in the shape of a component over a limitesd area of the component.
DEPOT (CONTAINER)
Container freight station or designated area where empty containers can be picked up or dropped off.
DISCHARGE
To remove or unload cargo from a vessel.
DOOR
Usually two rear-end opening sections hinged to the corner posts and retained in closed position by door locking bars or the other hardware.
DOOR FRAME
An assembly of structural members supporting the door panels.
DOOR GASKET (Door Seal)
A piece of rubber or other flexible material attached to the door edges in order to provide a waterproof seal between the door and the end frame of the container.
DOOR HANDLE
A device attached to each locking bar, used to rotate the bar when opening, closing and locking the container door.
DOOR HANDLE CATCH
The rotating part of the door handle retainer assembly that locks the handle in closed position.
DOOR HANDLE RETAINER
A device to hold the door handle in a closed position.
DOOR-TO-DOOR
Shipper uses the container to carry goods directly from premises to the customer’s location. Shipper is responsible from proper stowage and security of cargo within container. See also CY/CY; pier-to –pier, FCL/FCL, terms of carriage.
DOOR-TO-PIER/PIER-TO –DOOR (D/P)
Combinations of door to door and pier to pier services, depending upon the desires of the shipper, capabilities of the carrier, and facilities available to the shipper and consignee. See also terms of carriage.
DRIP PAN
A steel device located at the upper inside corners of open –top containers which acts as a seal when the tarpaulin is in place.
DRY CARGO
Cargo which does not require temperature control.
DRY CONTAINER
image
Containers of various lengths designed for carriage of general cargo. See also containers (types).
DRY FREIGHT
Nonliquefied cargo not requiring controlled temperature protection.

E

EDI
Electronic Data interchange, a system of EDP standards.
EDP
Electronic Data Processing.
EIR
An abbreviation for “ Equipment Interchange Receipt”. A document executed at the time of delivery, which attests to the interchange of a container, and which is normally signed by both parties.
END FRAME
The components at either end of a container consisting of two corner posts, top and bottom corner fittings, header (top end rail) and sill (bottom end rail). The end frame components include the end frame plus the front wall and the doors, including all door hardware.
END WALL
The panels of the transverse side of the container opposite the end containing the doors.
EQUIPMENT INTERCHANGE REPORT (EIR)
A document executed by a truck carrier and a terminal transferring possesion of a container or chasis from one to the other, and showing equipment condition at time of transfer.

F

FCL/FCL
Same as CY/CY. Full container load with cargo to be packed therein and unpacked thereform.
FCL/LCL
Same as CY/CFS. Full container loads stuffed by the shipper at the shipper’s elected point or place and stripped by the carrier at destination. See also terms of carriage.
FEU
Forty-foot equivalent unit. A term used in indicating container vessel or terminal capacity. Two 20-foot containers equal one FEU.
FLANGE
(Includes Bottom Flange and Top Flange). A protruding edge used to strengthen a structural memeber by resisting tension o compresion forces. The bottom flange is below the vertical portion (web) of the member and the top flange is above the web.
FLAT CONTAINER/FLAT RACK
(1) Open-side container, usually designed with corner posts for structural supports. Used for carriage of special commodities, such as lumber, tractors, etc.
(2) Collapsible container.
FLOOR
The main structure supporting the contents or cargo of the container, which is in turn supported by crossmembers and rails.
FORKLIFT
Vehicle used for lifting and handling containers and other cargo.
FORKLIFT POCKET STRAP
The plate welded to the bottom of each forklift pocket entrance.
FORKLIFT POCKETS
A special trnasverse component on the base structure of most 20-ft and some 40-ft containers enabling a florklift truck to insert tines in order to lift and handle the container. The forklift pocket is enclosed with a top plate, sides, and a bottom plate (“strap”) at each end of the pocket entrance. It extends through the bottom rails, forming an open “ pocket” inside the rails.
FRAME
The peripheral structural assembly, including corner fittings, rails and/or posts, around one face of the container.
FRONT END FRAME
The frame containing the end wall (opposite the door end).
FRONT PANEL
An individual flat or corrugated sheet contained in the end wall.
FRONT SILL
The lower transverse member (or rail) of the front end frame joining the bottom corner fittings.

G

GANTRY
The movement of a rail or tire mounted crane along the trackway. Sometimes referred to as “travelling” the crane.
GLAD HANDS
The air pressure and electrical connections between a truck or tractor and a trailer or chassis.
GLUE, DRY
Glue without exposed adhesive properties.
GLUE, STICKING
Glue which still has exposed adhesive properties.
GOOSENECK
n a drop-frame chassis, the upper level of the front chassis, together with the structure connecting it to the lower level behind it. The gooseneck rails normally fit into a tunnel recess of containers so constructed.
GOOSENECK TUNNEL
Recess built into the understructure of most 40’ and all high- cube containers designed to mate with the gooseneck structure of a chassis. The tunnel lowers the height of the front header of the container above the ground when carried on a gooseneck chassis.
GOUGE
A cavity in the surface of flooring with material scooped out. The width of the gouge is the smaller horizontal direction, regardless of the orientation of the gouge.
GRAFFITI
Marks or notations applied directly to the container, other than original markings or markings applied at the direction of the owner.
GROSS TARE WEIGHT
Total weight of a container or chassis or any combination of transportation equipment without weight of cargo.
GROSS WEIGHT
The total weight of a container or package ans its contents.
GUSSET
Reinforcement plate normally welded in place.

H

HALF HEIGHT
An open-top container, sometimes fitted with renovable covers, that is 4’03’’ high.
HAZARDOUS CARGO LABELS
Lables which are affixed to a container to warm of the presence of hazardous cargo inside during shipment. A list of required labels appears in the IMDG code. These labels are required by the IMDG code to be removed from a container after the cargo has been discharged. See also LABELS.
HEADER EXTENSION PLATE
The portion of a front or rear header that extends beyond a transverse line joining the blind walls of the respective corner fittings and that is used to protect the roof from damage.
HEADER FRONT AND HEADER REAR (Door)
The upper transverse member ( or rail) of the front end frame or rear end frame joining the top corner fittings. Open-top continers may be fitted with swinging or renovable header, held in place by hinges with renovable pins.
HEADER PIN
A hinge component used to secure a hinge blade to a swinging or renovable header in place on an open-top container.
HEADER PIN CHAIN
A chain used to retain the header pin when a swinging or renovable header is not secured.
HIGH CUBE
Any container which exceeds 8’6’’ (102 in.) in height.
HINGE
Fitting on which the door rotates.
HINGE PIN
See PIN.
HOLDBACK (Tieback)
Piece of hardware or nylon/rope to hold door in the open position when loading or unloading.
HOLED
Perforated through the entire thickness (or part of the thickness) of a component.

I

IMCO
International Maritime Consultive Organization. The organization through which the handling of dangerous goods and other regulations can become internationally acceptable.
INSULATED CONTAINER
Container possesing protective insulation to minimize effect of external temperatures on the cargo.
INTERMODAL
Used to denote ability of containers to change mode of transport from rail to truck to ship, in any order.
INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR SAFE CONTAINERS, 1.972 (CSC)
See CSC.
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ORGANIZATION (ISO)
Worldwide organization formed to promote development of standards to facilitate the international carriage and exchange of goods and services end to develop mutual cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological, and economic activities.

Technical work is carried out by technical committees (TC’s), such as ISO/TC104 (freight container committee).
ISO CONTAINER
A container built to ISO especifications.
ISO MARKINGS
Markings placed on a container in conformance with ISO standards.

J

J- BAR
The portion of the outer post that extends from the rearmost edge of the rear portion of the corner post and that encircles the door hinges

K

KEEPER
Locking bar cam retainer.

L

LABELS
For the purpose of this GUIDE, temporary stickers or other markings attached to the container by a user. See also HAZARDOUS CARGO LABELS.
LAMINATED FLOOR
Wooden flooring composed of longitudinally laod planks each of which is composed of sections laminated longitudinally and bonded to one another.
LASHING FITTINGS
Cargo tie-down fittings for the attachment of straps or other devices to restrain movement of cargo.
LESS –THAN-CONTAINER LOAD (LCL)
A shipment moving at other than the rate specified for a container load. Sometimes used to denote a shipment consisting of more than one consignee.
LINING (Dry-Van Container)
Plywood or other material attached to the interior side and end walls and/or roof to protect the cargo.
LOCKING BAR (Rod)
The vertical shaft or rod to which the cam locks are fitted. When rotated, the cams may be locked in the cam retainer, forming an integral part of the door frame assembly.
LOCKING BAR BRACKET
A device attaching the locking bar to the top and bottom of a door, usually containing a bushing.
LOCKING BAR CAM RETAINER
The component which retains the cam locking device when the door is locked. This componenet is often called a “keeper” or “cam keeper”.
LOCKING BAR GUIDE
A component, intermediate to the locking bar brackets, which holds the locking bar to the door in proper alignment.
LOCKING PAD
Devices for securing containers to a ship’s deck, chassis, etc.
LUG (or Hinge Butt)
See LUG
Hinge component permanently attached by welding to the rear corner post.

M

MANUFACTURER’S DATA PLATE
A marking plate normally identifying manufacturer’s identification and serial number
MARKING PANEL
A panel of a corrugated side wall containing a flat portion used for the display of markings.
MARKING PLATES
Durable plates which are permanently fixed to a container, upon which is contained certification or manufacturer’s information.
MAXIMUM GROSS WEIGHT (Maximum Gross Mass)
The sum, as certified by a classification society or manufacturer, ot the tare (empty) weight (mass) of a container plus the maximum allowable weight (mass) of its contents (payload or cargo).
MECHANICALLY VENTILATED CONTAINER
A container fitted with a means of forced air ventilation.
MODULAR CONTAINER
A lighweight, reusable container complying with the basic specification MIL-C-22443. Produced by using the “ Tinkertoy ” concept of standard components joined together and having sheet aluminum ally panels epoxy-bonded into an extruded aluminum framework.
MULTI-TANK CONTAINER
A container frame fitted to accommodate two or more consignees.

N

NET WEIGHT
See PAYLOAD.
NET WEIGHT
Ver PAYLOAD.
NON-REAPIRWORTHY
Damage or wear defects which do not have to be repaired because the are within all criteria limits specified in this Guide.

O

ODOR, PERSISTENT
A smell of a particular substance or of an unpleasant nature within the container which continues after the container has been vented with the doors fully open for 30 minutes, then closed and reoponed at least 24 hours later.
OPEN-TOP
Containers of various lengths with open roof and convered by tarpaulins.
OUTRIGGER
A short crossmember connecting the tunnel rail to the bottom side rail.
OVERALL EXTERNAL DIMENSION
Maximum external overall dimensions of a container, including any permanent fitting or attachment.
OVERALL WEIGHT
Maximum weight of a container or chassis, including all fittings and dunnage.

P

PAD
(1) Area where containers are cleaned.
(2) The bottom of a chassis landing leg. See also landing gear.
PALL
Specially designed pallets, 8 feet x 4 feet. Used by some European carriers.
PALLET
Basic feature in the mechanized handling of freight. Standard size platform on which loadscan be stacked and constructed for easy movement by froklift or sling. in Europe 1,200 x 1,000 mm pallet is in general use. The English equivalent is 48 in. x 40 in. pallet.
PALLETIZED CARGO
Individual items of cargo loaded on a pallet.
PAYLOAD (Net Weight)
The total weight (mass) of the cargo or contents of the container, including removable cargo securement devices, dunnage, etc., but excluding the container and permanently isntalled fittings. It is also referred to as the net weight (mass) of the container. If the maximum permissible payload (net) is not marked on the container, it may be derived by subtracting the tare weight from the marked and the tested maximum gross weight (mass) rating of the container.
PENGUIN PIECES/PENGUINS
Fittings for lashing containers on Ro-Ro vessels.
PER DIEM
The daily charge for the use of a trailer, container, chassis, or other piece of transporting equipment.
PIG
Railroad term. Wheeled vehicle, usually a trailer or container on chassis, loaded on a railroad flatcar.
PIGGY PACKER
Trade name for a Raygo-Wagner front-end top-pick for-klift vehicle that is used to lift containers and trailers on or off rail flatcars.
PIGGYBACK
The hauling of road vehicles and trailers and containers on wheels on railroad flatcars.
PIN
(1) Device for securing containers to a ship’s deck or chassis.
(2) Hydraulic locking of barge crane spreader onto top of barge, for LASH vessels.
(3) Device for securing container gantry cranes to wharf apron.
(4) Hinge component attaching the hinge blade to the lug.
PLANK
A solid or longitudinally laminated hardwood or softwood board.
PLYMETAL
Panel construction consisting of a plywood core and galvanized steel or aluminum facing.
PLYWOOD PANEL (Plywood Board)
A board made of plywood.
PORTAINER
The registered trade name for low-profile container gantry cranes manufactured by Pacific Coast Engineering Company (PACECO).

R

RAIN GUTTER
Part of, or attachment to, rear (door) header to divert water away from the door entrance.
REAR (Door) END FRAME
The frame of the container face containing the end door, including the rear corner fittings, corner posts, header and sill.
REAR (Door) SILL
The lower transverse member (or rail) of the rear end frame joining the bottom corner fittings.
RED LABEL
Label required on flammable cargo.
REEFER
Refers to refrigeration equipment or refrigerated containers, but may also be used in reference to commodities which must be carried under refrigeration, i.e., reefer cargo.
REEFER CONTAINER (RC) / REEFER (ON REFRIGERATED) UNIT
Refrigerated container. A temperature controlled container. Also used to describe the electrical equipment in a specially adapted container which provides insidde temperature.
REPAIRWORTHY
Damage or wear defects that require repair according to this Guide, because they are outside at least one criterion limit contained in the Guide.
REPAIRWORTHY
Action taken to correct defects. Such action may also include a cleaning method or replacement of a portion or the whole of a defective component, as well as straightening or removal of components.
RETAINING STRIP
A galvanized steel or aluminum strip secured to the door frame holding the door gasket in position.
ROOF (Dry-Van Container)
A metal covering streching across the entire top of the container from end frame to end frame and side rail to side rail. Roof may either be made of corrugated panels, or flat panels supported by roof bows from below. If the headers are provided with header extension plates, the roof panels fasten to extension plates.
ROOF BOW HOLDER
A transverse structural component attached to both top side rails that supports flat roof panels from underneath. They may be fixed, as in dry van containers, or renovable, as in open-top containers.
ROOF BOW HOLDER
A device attached to the top rail of an open-top container that is used to support the ends of a detachable roof bow.
ROOF LOAD
External static and dynamic loads imposed in the roof of container.
ROOF PANEL
An individual flat or corrugated sheet contained in the roof.
ROOF RAIL
Longitudinal structural member situated at the top edge on either side of the container.

S

SEAL
An individually numbered metal, plastic, or wire strip used to seal the doors of a container for security or Customs purposes.
SEMI-CONTAINERSHIP
A conventional freighter carrying break-bulk cargo and a limited number of containers on deck, in hatch squares or in hatches fitted with cell guides.
SHIP PLAN
The full stowage plan of a vessel showing the location of all cargo, containers, barges, and rolling stock on board.
SIDE (or Front) PANEL
An individual flat or corrugated sheet contained in a side (or end) wall.
SIDE DOOR
Door located in the side wall of container.
SIDE FRAME
Fitting used to lift containers by forklift from side.
SIDE LOADER
A lift truck with forks situated in such a manner as to lift the container from the side.
SIDE RAMP
Ro-Ro ramp extending into or protuding from openings in vessel’s side at right angles to vessels center line.
SIDE SHIFTER
An attachment placed on forklifts and front end loaders to allow the operator to make small adjustments to one side or the other so as to position a load without repositioning the forklift.
SIDE WALL
The assembly of panels comprising the longitudinal side of a container.
SPREADER
A device used handling (lifting) containers with its own refrigeration unit.
STACKING CONES
Fittings used to stack containers, on in the other, so as to prevent lateral movement. Locking pip cones will also prevent vertical movement.
STACKING PIECES
Fittings for double and triple stacking of containers.
STRADDLE CARRIER/STRAD
A self-propelled, steerable vehicle on wheels, open in the middle, that can straddle a container or container on chassis, then lift and move it from one place to another in a container yard. Capable of straddling a single row of containers, two or three high.
STRIPPING
A term often used to denote the process of removing (devanning) cargo from a container.
STUFFING
A term often used to denote the process of loading cargo into a container.

T

TAG (Transponder)
A device fitted to the exterior of a container, which contains electronically readable data that is applicable to the container. The reading device, which es not part of the container, is called an interrogator.
TAPE (Double-Sided)
Tape with adhesive on both sides.
TARE WEIGHT
The weight (mass) of an unloaded container (i.e., a container without cargo), including any fittings, devices, or special machinery that form a part of the caontainer in its normal working condition (such as the refrigeration unit of a refrigerated container).
TARE WEIGHT
The weight of an empty container.
TARPAULIN CUSTOMS SEAL POINT (End Piece)
A cover, generally made of fabric, used to close the top of an open-top container to protect the cargo. The cover is renovable to permit loading and unloading of cargo through the top of the container.
TARPAULIN CUSTOMS SEAL POINT (End Piece)
A device which allows the ends of the TIR cord to be customs-sealed.
TCT
An abbreviation for Australian Timber Component Treatment, an immunization of exposed wooden components in compliance with Plant Quarantine requirements of the Australian Department of Health.
TEMPERATURE RECORDER
A waterproof device to record permanently the inside temperature of specially adapted controlled temperature containers (reefers).
TEU
Twenty foot equivalent unit. The common unit used in indicatong the capicity of a container vessel or terminal. A 40 foot container is equal to two TEU’s.
TIR (Transport International des Routiers)
Road transport approval under regulation of customs authorities of different nations, allowing movement of goods across international frontiers, usually without opening containers in the process. In the USA, where TIR approval is enflrced, the initials TIR are often used interchangeably with EIR to refer to an interchange report.
TIR CORD
A cord specified by Customs Convention, which is used to secure a tarpaulin over an open-top container to protect the cargo. After the tarpaulin grommets have been fitted over the TIR cord rings, the cord is drawn through the TIR rings, secured and sealed.
TIR CORD RINGS (Eyelets)
Rings attached to the top rail of an open-top container to allow the tarpaulin to be fastened to the container.
TON
Unit of measure. May be shot ton (ST, 2.000 pounts); long ton (LT; 2,240 pounds); cubic meter (m3h 35,31445 ft3); metric ton (Met. ton, 2,204.66 pounds); measurement ton (MT, 40 cubic feet of space); or revenue ton (RT, any combination of above, as manifested or producing the greatest revenue).
TOP (Side)RAIL
A structural component running longitudinally along the top side of the container between the end frames.
TOP FRAME
The roof’s upper structural support, composed of top side rails and headers.
TOP LIFT
Spreader device fitted to froklift containers from top.
TORN
Pulled apart by ripping or rending through the entire thickness of the material.
TOW TRACTOR
A tractive unit used to tow containers on chassis.
TRAILER INTERCHANGE REPORT (TIR)
Equipment interchange report.
TRANSFERABLE STAIN
Discoloration of any interior container surface that comes off when rubbed by the fingers.
TRANSPONDER
See TAG.
TRANSTAINER
The registered trade name for a yard gantry, or bridge, crane manufactured by Pacific Coast Engineering Company. See also straddle crane.
TROLLEY
Athwartship movement of container crane on LASH vessels.
TRUCK-TRAILER
A combination consisting of a tractive unit and a drawbar trailer.
TUNNEL (Gooseneck Tunnel)
TUNNEL BOLSTER.
The crossmember supporting the rearmost portion of the gooseneck tunnel.
TUNNEL PLATE
A steel plate separating the tunnel recess from the interior of the container (or underside of the flooring, if provided above the tunnel).
TUNNEL RAILS
The longitudinal rails supporting the tunnel plate and froming the sides of the tunnel recess.
TWIST LOCKS (TL)
A set of twistable, bayonet-type shear keys, used as partof a spreader to pick up a container or as part a chassis to secure a container.
TWIST-LOCK CONES
Stacker cones which can be pivoted by a lever in order to lock them in position and thus lock one container on top of another or to the deck.
TWO-WAY PALLET
A pallet so construited that the forks of a froklift truck may gain access from two sides only.
TYNE POCKETS (TP)
Two enclosed pockets at bottom of containers for lifting by forklift.

U

U.I.C. (Union Internationale des Chemis de Fer)
Organizaton primarily of European railroads which establishes standards for container transport on member railroads.
UNDERCOATING (Underseal)
A waterproof material brushed or sprayed on the container underside. It protects the steel members from corrosion and waterproofs wooden flooring.
UNDERSTRUCTURE
UNSTUFFING
Unloading cargo form container.

V

VAN
Container
VANNING
Loading (or stuffing) containers.
VENTILATOR
A device permanently attached to the side (or front) panel located behind the ventilator.
VENTILATOR PANEL
The portion of the side (or front)mpanel located behind the ventilator.

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